The needs of our skin change over the seasons. Winter brings the greatest needs for intensive skin care. In winter, the skin is dry, most often chapped, without shine and freshness, so it needs extra care, protection and hydration. But there is a way to prevent winter from taking the shine of your skin.
During winter, central heating, dry air, daily showering with chlorine enriched soaps and shampoos adversely affect the skin, causing burning, intense itching, tightness, minor or stronger flaking on the surface, with redness and roughness. All these visible changes with itching and irritation occur after damage to the protective hydrolipid layer of the skin of the body and face.
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Often, cosmetic products are not enough, so dermatologists advise the use of preparations from the group of dermatological cosmetics. They have a number of active ingredients that restore the protective hydrolipid layer of our skin. Dermatological cosmetics are factors that bridge the gap between cosmetic products and medicines because there are cases in which cosmetics are not sufficient and the medicines are too aggressive.
Smog, smoking and inactivity
Smog in the cities also has a bad effect, and it appears in large quantities during the winter. In addition, the dust, which often stays in less ventilated rooms in winter, is also harmful. During the winter, people also reduce their physical activity. Physical activity stimulates circulation not only in the body but also in the skin, providing it with sufficient oxygen and eliminating harmful substances. Enhanced circulation thus has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of skin cells. Exfoliation can stimulate cell renewal. After exfoliation, put on some face cream which will then have a better effect.
The skin of the body, especially the face, reveals whether the person smokes and drinks enough water and takes in enough vitamins. Smoking additionally damages the skin during the winter. In addition to being dry, irritated and dandruffy, the skin of the smoker also turns yellowish in color.
In winter, as in the summer, it is necessary to drink enough water and eat fresh fruits and vegetables to feed the skin with vitamins. Often during the winter, it is also necessary to take a vitamin pill containing large amounts of vitamins A, C and E in addition to the necessary amount of copper and zinc.
Exacerbation of skin diseases
During the winter, some skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and often acne, worsen. People with such problems must intensively nourish and care the skin with dermocosmetic preparations in winter and be under the control of a dermatologist. In the worsening stages, corticosteroid topical preparations are unavoidable, but they should not be used for long. Therefore, in these diagnoses, phototherapy that acts on the immune system of the skin is ideal during the winter, thus reducing the severity of these changes.
Conducting phototherapy saves the skin from long-term administration of topical corticosteroid preparations. This treatment can completely eliminate or minimize the symptoms by acting on the skin’s immune system, facilitating the period until summer when improvements occur. It should be emphasized that dryness does not lead to psoriasis, but in psoriasis the skin is dry and requires intensive care.
Cosmetic products and treatments
Today, we are in the midst of numerous advertisements for skin care products, so we can easily get lost in the huge range of such products. Choosing a healthy skin care product is easy, but the difficulty is when it comes to choosing a problematic skin preparation. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist who will recommend an appropriate choice based on your medical history and clinical picture.
With technological advances, there are a number of treatments that are performed in dermatological surgeries. It also includes mesotherapy (with or without needle) of the skin of the face, neck and whole body. With this treatment, hyaluronan, vitamins, antioxidants and trace elements enter the skin. It is all those substances that our skin consumes and need to be replaced.
Certainly, positive treatments for the blood and lymphatic circulation are recommended during the winter, especially LPG treatments. They are performed in dermatology clinics as part of anti-age treatments as well as those to maintain healthy skin and a healthy body. You should repeat all these treatments because our body, including our skin, changes due to natural aging, changing seasons, and we feel the biggest change on our skin during the winter.
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Irena is a dentist from Croatia, working extensively in her field, but she also has a high interest in the fields of fitness, nutrition and medicine in general. She has been educating herself about how to lead a healthy lifestyle for years. She seeks to help people adopt healthy habits as well as healthy and positive thinking about life. In her spare time, she hikes, runs, plays saxophone and guitar, and develops her own websites – Salubrius Vita and GoalDigger. Her life motto is: When they expect a lot from you, you do even more.