Side effects of overeating

There are many ways to cope with stress and anxiety, but most people resort to food in such situations. With so many available options for tasty food and snacks, it is easy to become prone to overeating. However, overeating can go out of control and lead to side effects. You should understand how overeating affects your body to help you keep this unhealthy habit under control.

Also read: Why it is important to eat breakfast

What is overeating?

Overeating is consumption of excess food over the requirement of the body or eating additional calories than a body’s needs. It also excesses the use of energy which leads to weight gain and eating disorders.

What happens when you eat too much?

Eating too much leads to Obesity. It is a medical condition in which extra body fat gathers to an extent that may cause a negative effect on health.

Too much eating affects our stomach. The stomach works irregularly, as a large amount of food accumulates in the stomach so it has to work extra to digest the food. It expands more than its capacity which disturbs other organs.

The stomach needs hydrochloric acid to breakdown food. As more food gather in the stomach more acid is required to breakdown food which leads to acidity and furthermore to acidity heartburn, sleeping disorders, and brain disorders.

Overeating affects the metabolism system. It also affects aging as eating an excessive amount of food increases the body fat, leads to weight gain which makes you look overage.

Overeating causes

Woman holds sliced pizza

Irregular eating is the main cause of overeating. We do not eat food regularly on time so an unbalanced diet plan is a major cause. Emotional eating also causes overeating as not eating patently disturbs the stomach and leads to its improper work. This, furthermore, leads to many health problems.

Processed foods and drinks are a major cause of overeating. Processed foods digest quickly which leads to blood sugar level spike which makes you hungry. Skipping meals is the chief cause of overeating as restricting food can create turmoil on your blood sugar, making you more likely to overindulge. Eating impatiently and quickly is a major cause of overeating.

Side effects of overeating

Obesity is a major symptom of overeating which leads to many other health disorders. Abnormality in the stomach is also a major symptom of overeating.

The stomach expands beyond its capacity to adjust a large amount of food and pushes against other organs, which makes you uncomfortable. Also, many organs behave abnormal and disturbed because of acidity produced in the stomach.

Overeating Disorders

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder where BMI <18.5 which is consisted of low weight, food restriction, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin. A lot of people with anorexia considered themselves overweight but in fact they are underweight.

Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder having BMI >18.5 characterized by binge eating which refers to eating a large amount of food in a short period of time. It refers to vomiting because of the attempt to get rid of the consumed food, but most people with bulimia remain at a normal weight.

Binge eating disorder is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems.

Effects of overeating on the body

There are many side effects of overeating on the body. Overeating disturbs many organs. This happens when we consume a large amount of food and calories which exceeds the body’s needs. So, our body will be affected by extra calories which leads to obesity due to which our body will gain a large amount of weight.

Effects of overeating on the stomach

Man holds his stomach

The basic side effect of overeating takes place on the stomach which leads to other problems. By overeating, the stomach expands beyond its capacity and disturbes other organs.

Another side effect of overeating on the stomach is creating acidity because the stomach needs hydrochloric acid to digest the consumed food. Therefore, a large amount of food that exceeds stomach capacity requires a large amount of acid to digest the food which causes acidity.

Effects of overeating on the brain

Overeating problems could raise the risk of memory loss/mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Obesity causes inflammation that can lead to brain damage.

Acidity produced in the stomach because of overeating leads to brain problems. It can harm the ability of insulin to suppress the breakdown of fat in adipose tissue. Overeating can cause a malfunction in insulin signaling and leads to obesity and diabetes.

How to stop overeating addiction?

Overeating addiction can be stopped by eating fiber-filled foods, eating healthy food, and to abstain from processed food. Overeating habits can be reduced by proper diet planning, regular healthy food, and avoiding emotional and stressed eating.

A regular meal can reduce overeating addiction because many people cut out meals so that they decrease the number of calories, but they overeat the next time.


Overeating is the excess consumption of food beyond the stomach capacity. This can lead to many health disorders.

By eating more than our requirements, we consume a large number of calories than the required amount of our body. This is one of the major causes of health risks.

Overeating is a root cause of many severe diseases that erupt in the body. We should avoid overeating as it is the basic problem for health. We should plan our diet and eat regularly to avoid obesity, acidity, heartburn, stomach disorder, brain disorder, and many other health problems that erupt by overeating. Remember that addiction to overeating is injurious to health.

Also read: 15 carcinogenic foods that are used daily


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